How to treat pigmentation ?

Pigmentation is the coloring of a person's skin. When you’re healthy, your skin color will look normal. If you’re ill or injured, your skin may change color, becoming darker (hyperpigmentation) or lighter (hypopigmentation). 

Sun damage is the most common cause of skin pigmentation and usually affects the parts of the body that are most frequently exposed to the sun. Other causes include:

  • certain medications, including chemotherapy drugs
  • pregnancy hormones
  • endocrine diseases, such as Addison’s disease
  • melasma
  • insulin resistance
  • skin irritation or trauma

Medical hyperpigmentation treatment

Depending on the cause of your hyperpigmentation, treatment may involve addressing an underlying medical condition or stopping a medication. There are several medical treatment options available if home remedies for pigmentation fail to give you the results you want. These include:

  • chemical peels
  • microdermabrasion
  • intense pulsed light (IPL)
  • laser resurfacing
  • cryotherapy